关于电脑病毒的中英文范文

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  Computer Bugs And Amazing Grace

  Computer bugs are problems or mistakes in a program that wreak all sorts of computing havoc, but hunting for computer bugs doesn’t require a butterfly net or a can of Raid.

  Why do we call computer bugs “bugs”, anyway?

  As the story goes, pioneer computer programmer Admiral Grace Murray Hopper coined the phrase in the early 1940s, when her computer crashed. Searching for the cause of the problem, Admiral Hopper discovered the original computer bug, inside her computer, stuck in a crucial relay, was a dead moth.

  As she extracted the moth with tweezers, a colleague asked what she was doing. “I’m debugging the machine,” she answered, and the stuff of computer legend was born. The dead moth was taped into a notebook that logged computer problems, and now it’s preserved for posterity at the Virginia Naval Museum.

  Over the course of her Navy career, Admiral Grace Murray Hopper became known as Amazing Grace not only for her technical genius, but also for her ability to persuade people to try something new. Among other accomplishments, Admiral Hopper co-invented the COBOL computer language. COBOL, or Common Business Oriented Language, was the first computer language to use words instead of numbers.

  When Admiral Hopper first proposed a computer language using words, people said it wouldn’t work because computers didn’t understand English! However, she persisted, and COBOL revolutionized the computer industry by making computer language easier for programmers to understand. Amazing Grace helped make computers more user-friendly, easier to “de-bug,” and accessible for use not just in military research labs, but in homes, schools, and businesses.

  电脑漏洞(computer bug,bug中文又有“臭虫,虫子”之意)指的是会造成计算机中所有处理系统无法工作的程序问题或程序错误,但是寻捕电脑漏洞并不需要靠捕虫网或杀虫剂之类的东西。

  那么,我们为什么要将电脑漏洞称为“电脑臭虫”呢?

  故事是这样的,20世纪40年代早期,电脑程序先驱海军少将Grace Murray Hopper在其电脑崩溃的时候,首先创造了这种说法。就在她找寻电脑崩溃的原因的时候,在电脑关键的继电器上,她发现藏着一只已经死掉的蛾子,这就是最初的“电脑臭虫”(即电脑漏洞)。

  当她用镊子夹出这只蛾子的时候,她的一个同事问她在做什么,她回答道:“我在给这台机子排除故障。”就这样,一个电脑传奇事物就此诞生。那只蛾子被保存在记录电脑故障的一本笔记本当中,如今,它被保存在弗吉尼亚海军博物馆中。

  在Hopper少将的海军生涯中,她因“神奇格蕾丝”的外号而被人们所熟知,不仅因为她在技术方面的才干,还因为她有劝说他人去创新的能力。在其另外一些成就当中,她共同发明了计算机商业通用语言,这是第一种用文字取代数字的计算机语言。

  当Hopper少将第一次提议在计算机语言中使用文字的时候,人们都说这不会实现,因为计算机不懂英语!然而,她坚持了下来。结果COBOL使计算机语言更容易被程序员理解,从而变革了计算机业。神奇的格蕾丝使得计算机更为亲近使用者,更加容易排除故障,并使得电脑不仅只能用于军方实验室,还能用于家庭,学校以及商业上。