The Spring Festival falls on the 1st day of the 1st lunar month,often one month later than the Gregorian calendar.It originated in the Shang Dynasty (c.1600 BC-c.1100 BC) from the people's sacrifice to gods and ancestors at the end of an old year and the beginning of a new one.
One legend goes that the beast Nian had a very big mouth that would swallow a great many people with one bite. People were very scared.
The custom of putting up red paper and firing fire-crackers is to scare away Nian.
However, people today have long forgotten why they are doing all this, except that they feel the color and the sound add to the excitement of the celebration.
The lunar calendar new year origin, has the basis, also is rich and picks the varied fable to be possible to trace to several millenniums before; Most is famous is "the year beast" fable.
"The year beast" is a cruel terrible wild animal, ancient times the person believed "year beast" when lunar New Year's Eve night can come out eats the person.
The fable "the year beast" extremely fears red, the flame and quarrels the mixed sound, the people on paste the red paper in the gate, and selects the torch all night, is setting off the artillery candle, avoids "the year beast".
To second day early morning, "has congratulated" the sound to the ear, in the air does not fill the air is defeating "the year beast" the victory and the rebirth joy.